Important Things To Consider Regarding Homeowners’ Associations

When people purchase a home in gated communities or subdivisions, they often become part of a homeowners’ association, or an HOA. These associations implement rules and regulations that keep the community thriving and in line with their vision. Here are few realities new homeowners could face:

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  1. HOAs have the power to keep homeowners from renting out their homes. Sometimes though, HOAs allow a limited number of people to rent out their homes.
  2. HOAs have rules, such as regular maintenance of the lawn and having a house painted with HOA-approved paint. Breaking these rules often results in fines.
  3. HOA fees are different from mortgages. Whereas mortgages are fixed, there is a possibility that HOA fees will go up. Several factors affect this such as repairs.
  4. Since many gated communities and subdivisions have standards when it comes to aesthetics, HOAs may curb homeowners plans for landscaping – if they see that it changes the look of the community.
  5. HOAs determine what kinds of pets homeowners can have. Some HOAs even have restrictions when it comes to the size of dogs.
  6. In extreme situations, HOAs have been known to legally cause homeowners to lose their homes.
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Olympia Law P.C. specializes in cases that involve HOA disputes. The firm is located in Los Angeles and Orange County. Learn more about the firm and the fine work they do by visiting this site.

Dissecting Chapter 7 Bankruptcy For Businesses

Chapter 7 bankruptcy occurs when a failing business can no longer pay its creditors.In some cases, the company is forced to file for bankruptcy under Chapter 7. All operations of the company are stopped.The only time a business is allowed to operate after filing for a Chapter 7 bankruptcy is when the Chapter 7 trustee continues it.

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Chapter 7 trustees are appointed as soon as the Chapter 7 bankruptcy is filed.The trustee takes a good look at the financial standing of the company.He or she also liquidates assets and pays off the creditors. Sometimes this leads to the laying off of employees. Sometimes the employees get to keep their jobs.This depends whether or not their departments will be sold intact.

When it comes to dividing assets post-liquidation, investors who risked the least are paid first. This includes secured creditors.

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However, corporations and partnerships do not receive a bankruptcy discharge under Chapter 7, unlike individuals. The whole case is closed once every asset of the corporate or partnership is administered fully. Unless the statutory period of limitation expires, in theory, all the debts of a corporation or partnership still exist, and thus have to be paid.

Olympia Law P.C. is a Los Angeles and Orange County-based law firm. One of the firm’s specializations is the area of bankruptcy. For more on Olympia Law and the legalities surrounding bankruptcy, follow this Facebook page.

A Primer On The Most Common Law Practice Areas

The legal profession is a vast and diverse practice. It has numerous practice areas that serve distinct legal services and client needs. Below are some of the most common fields of law:

Criminal law

This is the field the public is most familiar with it is frequently covered in the media and depicted in fictional works. Criminal law involves the prosecution and defense of illegal behaviors and activities that deal with individual liberty, basic rights, and responsibilities that are under the criminal code.

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Real estate law

Real estate construction and transactions in the residential and commercial fields can involve various misunderstandings or contract disputes that can lead to arbitration or litigation. Real estate law practitioners help homeowners, commercial clients, tenants, investors, and others involved in real estate matters.

Bankruptcy law

According to the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, there were 794,960 bankruptcy cases filed in 2016. The growing number of bankruptcy filings in the past years has made this legal practice area one of the busiest these days.

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Personal injury law

When a person gets involved in accidents, injuries, medical malpractice, bad faith insurance, or other similar cases of negligence of another party, they can consult with a personal injury lawyer to determine what legal course of action they could take to receive compensation.

Olympia Law P.C. specializes in various legal areas and houses a team of well-rounded attorneys and competent staff. For more information about the California-based law firm, visit this website.The legal profession is a vast and diverse practice. It has numerous practice areas that serve distinct legal services and client needs. Below are some of the most common fields of law:

Criminal law

This is the field the public is most familiar with it is frequently covered in the media and depicted in fictional works. Criminal law involves the prosecution and defense of illegal behaviors and activities that deal with individual liberty, basic rights, and responsibilities that are under the criminal code.

Real estate law

Real estate construction and transactions in the residential and commercial fields can involve various misunderstandings or contract disputes that can lead to arbitration or litigation. Real estate law practitioners help homeowners, commercial clients, tenants, investors, and others involved in real estate matters.

Bankruptcy law

According to the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, there were 794,960 bankruptcy cases filed in 2016. The growing number of bankruptcy filings in the past years has made this legal practice area one of the busiest these days.

Personal injury law

When a person gets involved in accidents, injuries, medical malpractice, bad faith insurance, or other similar cases of negligence of another party, they can consult with a personal injury lawyer to determine what legal course of action they could take to receive compensation.

Olympia Law P.C. specializes in various legal areas and houses a team of well-rounded attorneys and competent staff. For more information about the California-based law firm, visit this website.

Common Myths About Sex Offenders

Lots of myths persist about sex offenders. Some are meant to scare people while others are downright wrong. Although a certain stigma is attached to sex offenders, it’s also important to consider that they might have already been reformed. Here are a few common myths about sex offenders.

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Myth: Sex offenders will never stop.

This is one of the biggest fears of society. However, according to a study of almost 10,000 offenders, only a little more than 5 percent were arrested again for the same or a similar offense. According to the U.S. Department of Justice, less than 70 percent of all other types of criminals are arrested again within five years. For sex offenders, only as much as 13 percent return to prison.

Myth: The treatment sex offenders receive is never effective.

This is another myth that condemns sex offenders to a life of obscurity. Studies show that treatment decreases recidivism by almost 40 percent and reduces re-arrest by almost 60 percent. In recent years, the reduction of re-arrest rates was as high as 90 percent.

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Myth: Strangers pose the biggest threat to children.

Recent studies show that less than 10 percent of sex crimes against children were committed by strangers. That means 9 out of every 10 people who commit such crimes are people who know the victims. In fact, some studies show an even more disturbing trend. Most perpetrators are either family members, or guardians, or some parental substitute.

Olympia Law deals with various cases, including sex crimes. For similar discussions, visit this blog.

Complications In The Assessment Of Physical And Psychological Injuries

An injury, whether pro-actively or unintentionally inflicted, causes destabilization in a person’s well-being and regular course of living. Myriad possibilities of harm arise from varied sources, occasions as well as causes such as physical assault, slander, toxic prescription drugs, tainted food and road accidents. When an act engenders pain and suffering to an individual that can’t be faulted to his/her own recklessness, he/she may have a legitimate claim for damages from the culpable party.

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A claim for damages refers to the monetary compensation the plaintiff exacts as the amount it would cost him/her to return to his/her normal self, or what he/she has lost due to his/her sustained injury. In many instances, the aggrieved party seeks punitive measures other than financial indemnity, especially when circumstances strongly suggest commission of gross negligence or presence of malicious intent.

Injuries can be both physical and psychological. For injuries inflicted on one’s body, the victim has to present medical records and reports from his/her attending physicians. The defendant, on the other hand, is accorded by law the right to conduct another medical examination through his/her trusted doctors for verification of the gravity of the injuries and anticipated long-term impairment. Due compensation may cover current and future costs of treatment as well as loss of present and future earnings.

Psychological injuries may equally be debilitating as physical injuries. The stress and trauma the victim underwent always have high probability to foment anxiety, depression, neurosis and other adverse altered behavior that could hinder his/her normal functioning. The injured person’s legal representative has to solicit the expertise of a mental health expert to determine whether the victim manifests any of these and whether these are consequences of what he/she has gone through.

Claiming for damages always has the potential to be complicated and prosper into a protracted court trial, although in most cases, the parties always preferred out of court settlement. This is because time element is a crucial factor in assessing extent of injuries. Onset of psychological injuries varies depending on the victim’s mental and physical constitution. Further, the claims must be filed within the so-called statute of limitations which is not uniform per case, and per locale.

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The bottom line is to hire a good personal injury lawyer who will work for the interest of his/her client.

Beyond its record of litigation victories, Olympia Law PC takes pride in its reputation for taking client interest as the firm’s paramount concern. It has been proving quality legal services since 1997 and has established three offices located in Los Angeles, Irvine, and Glendale. For more legal reads, visit this page.

What domestic violence means in the state of California

In California, domestic violence happens when a person in specific types of relationships commits a criminal act. These relationships based on the California Penal code are either spouse, former spouse, cohabitant, former cohabitant, co-parent, or a partner in a dating relationship.

Depending on how severe the act of domestic violence was, a prosecutor can decide, based on the several sections of the Penal Code, the charges. For example, battery charges are more serious in domestic violence cases than in other types of cases.

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The maximum jail time for someone found guilty of battery and domestic violence is one year, with a $2,000 fine. Depending on the judge’s decision, the defendant can be ordered to participate in a batterers’ program instead of incarceration.

For those who intentionally (willfully) inflict physical injury on any of the partners mentioned earlier, then that it also a chargeable offense, especially if it leads to traumatic conditions. This is much more serious, and the sentence, more severe. Persons found guilty of willful infliction of bodily injury may face as many as four years of jail time and a hefty $6,000 fine. For those with a prior conviction, though, the punishment may be up to five years of jail time, with a $10,000 fine. The caveat though is that the previous conviction should have happened within the last seven years.

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Olympia Law is based in California. The law firm specializes in a number of legal issues, including domestic violence. Learn more about domestic violence laws by checking out this site.

Declaring Bankruptcy: Some Legal Implications

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Contrary to the usual stigma attached to bankruptcy, this need not be so bad at all times. In fact, declaring bankruptcy can even be considered as a strategic move in some situations. Thanks to a few legal implications, people are now more educated about bankruptcy, and are subsequently more confident in using it as a tool when their business or financial situation calls for it.

There may come an unfortunate time when a debtor can no longer realistically pay creditors. If this is the case, declaring bankruptcy is the debtor’s way of being protected, such that creditors cannot pursue legal action against them.

Without the declaration of bankruptcy, the creditor may demand for a payment of money, as this is the original point of the debt. But bankruptcy allows for the debtor to pay for his debt in the form of properties or other assets. This is another legality.

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Other items of ownership and entitlement are also spared from being used to pay off debts, in the event of a filed bankruptcy. These include property held in trust for someone else, property which has sentimental value, life assurance policies, and the properties of a non-bankrupt spouse.

The legal intricacies of bankruptcy are endless, and the best legal advisors know that its declaration allows for some advantages for their clients. Competent lawyers should assist thos filing for bankruptcy.

Olympia Law P.C. is devoted to, among others, representing clients in a number of bankruptcy proceedings. It also offers a comprehensive real estate litigation service and expertise in personal injury cases. Learn more about the the firm’s practice by visiting this website.